Stone and Tile Cleaning Products
Stone and Tile Care, Maintenance and Products from Natural Stone Restoration New Zealand
Natural soaps are low-tech, inexpensive and user friendly to clean your stone or tile floors. They are also capable of providing a sealing and/or dressing function for stone floors. Vegetable based soaps are best. Specialty cleansers formulated for use on stone are highly recommended and desirable on most natural stone floors and other stone surfaces.
These are synthetic surface-active agents (surfactants) that are very good at picking up soils and emulsifying grease and oil from stone or tile floors. They make water "wetter" and more effective for cleaning purposes. The detergent used for stone cleaning should be carefully evaluated for compatibility with the stone. Detergents are typically used with water and may determine the ph of the cleaning solution. Detergents tend to leave the stone very "raw" or absorbent and residues will make water penetration into the stone more effective.
These are used for removing grout haze, removing mineral deposits and for rust removal from natural stone floors and natural stone floor tiles. Acidic products attack lime and cement. Use caution with acids and acidic ph products as they attack the polish on marble and limestone. Phosphoric acid, citric acid and sulfa-mic acid is preferred to sulfuric and hydrochloric acids in almost all situations due to safety and control issues.
Abrasives should be limited to non-polished surfaces. Abrasives may be combined with detergents or soaps for scouring a surface and removing thin layers from the floor surface. There are many different types of materials - soft abrasives may be composed of nut shells or feldspar's, hard abrasives can be silica quartz, carbide or even diamond.
Bleaches are typically oxidizing agents (generate oxygen) and are useful in stain removal. Enzyme types are available which are non-hazardous.